HUBUNGAN KONSUMSI PANGAN DAN STATUS GIZI

DENGAN BODY IMAGE PADA REMAJA DI PERKOTAAN

(The relation of food consumption and nutritional status

with body image among urban adolescents)

Dodik Briawan1, Heryudarini Harahap2, Drajat Martianto3

Abstract.

Objectives of this study were to identify the body image concept among adolescent urban, and to analyze food consumption and body mass index to body satisfaction.   The subject’s criteria’s were students at the high school and lived in outskirts of Bogor city. Numbers of 75 students were invited and 53 participated voluntary (28 boys and 25 girls, age 16-18 years). Body image was measured using Stunkard (1983) figures consist of 9 pictures representing body shape from very thin to fat. The socio-economic background of subjects was relatively not different between adolescent boys and girls.  The body mass index between boys (18.7 kg/m2) and girls (20.8 kg/m2) was significantly different (p=0.008).   The proportion of adolescent obese was 7.1% and 8.0%; the underweight was 50.0% and 28.0% respectively. The boys and girls claimed their bodies were similar with figure 4.  However, the differences was observed respectively between boys and girls in term of ideal body shape (figure 4 and 3), peer’s body perception (figure 4 and 3), and healthy body perception (figure 5 and 4).  Figure 4 was chosen by adolescent to be a desiring of boy’s/girl’s friend.  Discrepancy between ideal and actual body shape was defined as body dissatisfaction, and it was found in 78.6% boys and 72.0% girls.  The most boys (76.0%) want to increase body weight, but on the contrary the girls (80.0%) want to decrease it.  Body satisfaction was associated with %RDA protein, however not related with %RDA energy, BMI, score nutrition’s knowledge, and the diet restriction.

Keywords: body image, food consumption, body mass index, adolescent, urban

__________

1,3 Staf pengajar di Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, IPB

2 Staf peneliti di Pusat Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan, Departemen Kesehatan